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May 02, 2009

改名の理由

世界中で警戒されている旧名「豚インフルエンザ」が、、「インフルエンザA(H1N1)」に名称変更されました。日本の報道では「新型インフルエンザ」に切り替えているみたいです。

ソ連型とかAソ連型と呼ばれているものも同じA型のH1N1亜型というようです。めんどくさいのでWikipedia見てみました。A型インフルエンザウィルスの項です。

分離された変異株は名前を付けられて管理される。名前は以下の条件の上から下へ順番に名付けられる。

・型(A型、B型、C型のどれか)
・主な宿主(例:ヒト)
・分離された場所(例:福建)
・分離された順番(例:411番)
・分離された年(例:2002年、下2桁のみの場合もある)
・亜型(例:H3N2)
インフルエンザウイルスはヘマグルチニンとノイラミニダーゼの種類によってHとNの番号が付けられる。
このようにして名付けられたA/Fujian/411/2002(H3N2)は福建(Fujian)で2002年に441番目に分離されたH3N2のA型インフルエンザウイルスであることを示している(宿主がヒトの場合は省略されるがヒト以外の場合は型の後に入れられ、A/equine/Miami/1/63(H3N8)のように表記される)。

ソ連型というやつは、「A/USSR/90/77 (H1N1)」という名前でよばれる変異株だそうです。

ニュースのほうは読売新聞オンラインから全文引用しておきます。

豚インフル→インフルA、養豚配慮してWHOが呼称変更

 新型インフルエンザの呼称をめぐり、世界保健機関(WHO)は30日、「インフルエンザA(H1N1)」に改めると発表、従来の呼称「豚インフルエンザ」を取り下げた。養豚関連産業への配慮からだ。

 「豚―」と最初に呼び始めたのは米疾病対策センター(CDC)。発生地メキシコでの調査で、豚から人に伝わった可能性が有力となったからだ。

 だが、この呼び方はウイルスが豚肉を介して感染するとの誤解を与え、各国の消費者の間に豚製品を敬遠する動きが広がった。実際は「新型」ウイルスは人から人にうつる型に変異しており、今後の感染拡大で、豚はもはや無関係だ。

 メキシコや米国で最初の感染例が見つかった直後から、国際獣疫事務局(OIE)は発生地にちなんだ「北アメリカインフルエンザ」を提唱。米政府は29日から、「農家の生活を守るため」として、「H1N1インフルエンザ」の呼称に切り替えていた。イスラエルでは、ユダヤ教で「不浄」とされる「豚」の呼称がきらわれた。

 「混乱をまねく」として呼称変更に消極的だったWHOも、OIEとの30日の共同声明で、「調理された豚肉や豚肉製品を食べて感染することはない」と強調した。(山口香子)

(2009年5月1日21時50分  読売新聞)

朝日新聞からも全文引用。

WHO、呼称を「インフルエンザA(H1N1)」に

 【ジュネーブ=南島信也、ワシントン=勝田敏彦】世界保健機関(WHO)は30日、新型の豚インフルエンザの呼称を「インフルエンザA(H1N1)」とすると発表した。関係者によると、各国の養豚業者などからWHOに対し、「豚」という言葉を使わないよう申し入れがあったという。国連食糧農業機関(FAO)などの国際機関も同様の主張をしたため、WHOが妥協した。

 ただ季節性インフルエンザAソ連型(H1N1)と混同しやすくなるため、WHOでは対応に苦慮している。

 また、米疾病対策センター(CDC)もウェブサイトから「豚インフルエンザ」という文字を消し始めた。30日の下院エネルギー商業委員会の公聴会で、アイオワ州選出の議員が「畜産業への経済的影響は甚大だ」と追及。その後、CDCのウェブサイトでこれまで「豚インフルエンザ」と書かれていた部分が「H1N1インフルエンザ」に置き換えられ、豚インフルエンザはかっこ書きになるなどした。

 〈大槻公一・京都産業大教授の話〉 Aソ連型も同じH1N1なので多少混乱するかもしれないが、豚肉への無用な風評被害を防ぐためにはいいことだと思う。これで人から人にうつる人のインフルエンザであるとわかる。「メキシコかぜ」などの地名がつくかと思っていたが、今回はつかなかったことから世界保健機関(WHO)は最初の発生地がどこなのか決めかねていることを示しているのかもしれない。

もののついでなので、「インフルエンザA(H1N1)」について最低限知っておくべき情報とネット上の信頼できる情報源まとめ - GIGAZINEも貼っておきます。あんまり見てません。

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